History at Marlborough Primary School

In the EYFS the children learn about past and present events in their own lives and lives of family members. They discuss what has happened in recent times; such as what they did over the weekend. They talk about changes over time as they have grown up ‘I couldn’t write when I was a baby’.

During key stage 1 the children listen and respond to stories and use a variety of sources of information to help them ask and answer questions. The children explore artefacts and develop questions of their own in relation to what they have found. The children learn how the past is different from the present and learn the terminology related to the passing of time.

They are taught to place events and objects in chronological order and to use common words and phrases relating to the passage of time. Links are always made to other curriculum areas; such as a number line in maths.

Children are also taught to recognise why people did things, why events happened and what changes may have occurred as a result. They have the opportunity to find out about the past from a range of sources.

They learn about people's lives and lifestyles. They find out about significant men, women, children and events from the recent and more distant past.

Year 1 learn about local history of Macclesfield. They also learn about significant individuals such as Florence Nightingale, Edward Jenner and Louis Braille. Then children also explore changes within living memory.

Year 2 learn about the Victorians and Kings and Queens. They explore what living in a mill town was like and what jobs children would have done in a mill. They spend a day at Styal Mill and experiencing mill life as a Victorian child. The children begin to understand the changes over time and the reasons for them.

In key stage 2 the pupils learn about significant people, events and places in Britain and the world.

Year 3 learn about the Egyptians and the Romans. They learn to place ancient Egypt on a timeline of historical eras. They explore how the ancient Egyptians used the River Nile. They learn about the Pharaohs, Egyptian Gods and the beliefs of Ancient Egypt. The children explore how Europe changed as the Roman Empire grew and gain an understanding of why the Romans wanted to invade Britain. The children take part in their first residential trip to York. The children become Roman Soldiers for the day and develop an understanding of the role of the within the army.


Year 4 develop their knowledge around British history with a focus on the Anglo Saxons and Vikings. They learn about how Britain changed when the Romans left and the arrival of the Anglo Saxons. The children also look at the settlement of the Saxons and Vikings, and their daily life.


Year 5 study Ancient Greece and the industrial revolution. They learn about the Industrial Revolution, a significant turning point in British history. They explore the Victorian era and the significant changes in social history that took place during this period. They also look at population, economics, empire and demographics through study of this period. The children place Ancient Greek history within the context of human history and other historical time periods they have studied. They learn about the politics of ancient Greece, focussing on style of government and war. They explore the important cultural features including mathematics, philosophy, drama and sport. They also learn about the Greek gods and their relevance in society.


Year 6 use their historical enquiry skills to work out clues from artefacts and pictures.

They explore the British Empire Beginning of WW1, the Home Life Archie Albright and Women in WW1. They also research well-known women and organisations.

Each year group will look at history in a variety of ways, for example from political, economic, technological and scientific, social, religious, cultural or aesthetic perspectives. They use a wide variety of sources and learn that the past can be represented and interpreted in different ways.

We consider that visits to historic buildings, sites and museums offer the children a great "hands on experiences" and endeavour to arrange this whenever possible.

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